§ 2502. Murder

(a) Murder of the first degree.– A criminal homicide constitutes murder of the first degree when it is committed by an intentional killing.
(b) Murder of the second degree.–A criminal homicide constitutes murder of the second degree when it is committed while defendant was engaged as a principal or an accomplice in the perpetration of a felony.
(c) Murder of the third degree.–All other kinds of murder shall be murder of the third degree. Murder of the third degree is a felony of the first degree.
(d) Definitions.–As used in this section the following words and phrases shall have the meanings given to them in this subsection:
“Fireman.” Includes any employee or member of a municipal fire department or volunteer fire company.
“Hijacking.” Any unlawful or unauthorized seizure or exercise of control, by force or violence or threat of force or violence.
“Intentional killing.” Killing by means of poison, or by lying in wait, or by any other kind of willful, deliberate and premeditated killing.
“Perpetration of a felony.” The act of the defendant in engaging in or being an accomplice in the commission of, or an attempt to commit, or flight after committing, or attempting to commit robbery, rape, or deviate sexual intercourse by force or threat of force, arson, burglary or kidnapping.
“Principal.” A person who is the actor or perpetrator of the crime.

1972, Dec. 6, P.L. 1482, No. 334, § 1, effective June 6, 1973. Amended 1974, March 26, P.L. 213, No. 46, § 4, imd. effective; 1978, April 28, P.L. 84, No. 39, § 1, effective in 60 days.


Offense Gravity Score and Prior Record Score Points:

§ 2502(a)     Murder — 1st degree*   punishment is death or life imprisonment (unless <18 at time of murder†) 4 points

§ 2502(b)     Murder — 2nd degree   punishment is life imprisonment (unless <18 at time of murder†) 4 points

§ 2502(c)     Murder — 3rd degree    OGS=14   (max. is 20-40 yrs.)     4 points

* Penalties for first- and second-degree murder are set forth at 18 Pa. C.S. § 1102.

†For juvenile defendants, see 18 Pa. C.S § 1102.1.